Physical Therapy For Infants and Children

Physical Therapy For Infants and Children

Physical or physiotherapy is a medical practice as well as a treatment. It helps in treating and preventing injuries and sudden falls. It is also helpful in curing various health conditions like stroke, spinal cord problem, sports injury, back pain, asthma, nerve injury and many more.

Physiotherapy also helps infants and children in many ways such as it provides them growth opportunities. Some of the benefits of physiotherapy for infants and children are:

Some of the benefits of physiotherapy for infants and children are:

  • It helps in reducing or eliminating pain
  • Enhances muscle functions
  • Provides right position and movement to the body
  • Creates age oriented development skills
  • Overcoming growth hindrances

How to check if the infant requires a physical therapy?

Physiotherapy for an infant is suggested only if the infant:

  • Does not meet the requirement development during the first year of life
  • Shows mobility of the one side of the body
  • Has been analyzed with torticollis, cerebral palsy, or other neuromuscular problems
  • Faces problems with balance and coordination
  • Has bad posture
  • Posses less or excessive joint mobility
  • Has limp or inflexible muscle tone

Physiotherapy methods for infants

Giving a physical therapy to an infant requires special care. Physiotherapy varies from infant to infant based on their disabilities or disorders. But there are some common and widely used physiotherapy techniques for infants. These are:

  • Soft and kind massaging, muscle rubbing, and stretching
  • Mobility, flexibility and balancing exercises
  • Giving hot and cold compression on targeted joints and muscles
  • Head controlling exercises
  • For crawling development and strength support, giving ball training exercise
  • Providing adaptive equipment training

How to know if children require physiotherapy?

A physical therapist may recommend physiotherapy for children who:

  • Have developmental delays
  • Have suffered from sports injuries
  • Have cerebral palsy
  • Have genetic disorders
  • Have severe heart and lung problems
  • Have orthopedic disorder or injuries
  • Have birth defects such as spina bifida
  • Have effects of alcohol exposure or in-utero drugs
  • Have acute trauma
  • Have head injury
  • Have limb deficiencies
  • Have muscle diseases

Physiotherapy techniques for children

Physiotherapists employ many kinds of physical therapy techniques for children. These methods are different for each disability, injury or disorder. The technique employed entirely depends on health condition of the child. Still, there are some common and suggested physical therapy methods. These are:

  • Crawling and walking exercise for development purpose
  • Exercises for balance and coordination
  • Giving aquatic (water) therapy
  • Providing training through safety and prevention programs
  • Giving training in preventing and avoiding injuries and sudden falls
  • Exercises for flexibility in order to increase range of motion
  • Proving hot, cold, exercises, electrical stimulation, massage and ultrasound as to improve circulation around injuries
  • Providing adaptive equipment training


PhysioSparsh, Jaipur provides quality physiotherapy services for infants as well as children. Therapists at PhysioSparsh use a unique way of analyzing infant or children condition. It includes identifying flexibility and strength, child’s gait, potential conditions, consult with new psychiatric, medical, and school members regarding an individual education plan (IEP), giving home exercise instructions and suggesting the right time of returning to sports.

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